Istanbul is part of the Mega Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40), created to reduce urban carbon emissions. The C40 supports cities’ efforts to reduce carbon emissions and provides exchange of knowledge and experience among local authorities. The Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality has regularly and transparently shared various information with the C40 in the past. It is envisaged to prepare more detailed data in coming years to be presented to C40.
Compact of Mayors
Introduced at the United Nations Climate Summit in 2014, the Compact of Mayors is the largest global coalition of climate change-focused local government leaders. Local governments participating in this program are committed to reducing their emissions, sharing their achievements publicly, and express their determination to prepare for the expected impacts of climate change. The Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality explained the preparatory work for a Climate Action Plan for Istanbul in the Sustainable Cities Forum held in November 2015. The Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality signed the Compact of Mayors.
Covenant of Mayors
The Mayors’ Convention for Climate and Energy has been described as the world’s largest urban climate and energy initiative by the EU Commissioner Miguel Arias Canete and is expected to contribute to EU energy and climate change policies. It is expected that signatories will aim to reduce CO2 or all greenhouse gases by 40% by 2030 and address mitigation/ adaptation measures based on an integrated approach. The IMM has actively participated in the Covenant of Mayors meetings with the participation of the mayor himself and Istanbul hosted high-level meetings. IMM continues to work on participating in the Covenant within the course of the EU process.
Mexico City – Pact
The agreement signed at the World Mayors Climate Summit in 2010 with the participation of 138 mayors is aimed at intensifying the efforts of municipalities in combating climate change and strengthening cooperation. Signed by 340 municipalities to date, IMM is also one of the signatories.
UCLG-MEWA Environmental Committee
Today, it is vital that local governments, one of the main actors of the fight against environmental problems, contribute more effectively to the future of cities and communities. Issues such as climate change, deforestation, protection of biodiversity have become global issues and have led to seeking large-scale solutions. The power of local administrations to prevent environmental problems at the source is giving them specific responsibilities and increasing their need to take concrete steps. For this reason, the UCLG-MEWA Environmental Committee was established on December 19, 2014, in order to develop a common ground and share the knowledge and experience of the local authorities in relation to the environmental issues which are among the most discussed topics of recent times.
The first meeting of this committee was held on November 13, 2015 hosted by the Malatya Metropolitan Municipality. The Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality was elected as the chair of the committee in the meeting. The Malatya Metropolitan Municipality, Konya Metropolitan Municipality and Seferihisar Municipality were elected as the co-chairmen of the committee. As such, the UCLG-MEWA Environmental Committee is composed of 10 members. At the end of the meeting, the Malatya Declaration on Environment was signed. The Environment Committee will carry out its future activities mainly within the framework of climate change and HABITAT III preparations.